The desire to feel perfectly rested and get enough sleep requires a careful approach to the selection of orthopedic mattresses. A huge range of products, which are filled in regular and online stores, leads buyers to confusion more than to take the only right decision.
The question of acquiring the most suitable product according to the characteristics worries many consumers. The prepared review will help to understand the differences between models with different fillers and different degrees of rigidity.
STEP 1 Choosing the hardness of the mattress
This is one of the fundamental characteristics of an orthopedic mattress. A person’s rest and well-being depend largely on its firmness. For a comfortable rest, medium-firm mattresses are considered the best choice, but the choice is individual.
Hard mattresses are recommended for diseases of the spine, osteochondrosis. The filler can be such materials as compacted polyurethane foam, struttofiber, coconut fibers, composites. As a result, the surface is not soft, does not provide comfortable sleep, but in the case of spinal problems will perfectly support painful or damaged vertebrae. Sleeping on such mattresses is also suitable for people with excellent health, but those who are over 50 years should be careful when choosing a mattress that is too hard. In any case, hard mattresses are rather specific products, which are chosen either because of the love of hard sleeping surfaces or because of medical prescriptions.
The most recommended stiffness for a healthy person of average build and height. Inexpensive mattresses for medium hardness use composite materials such as struttofiber, artificial latex, and polyurethane foam with distinctive orthopedic qualities, while the more expensive ones use a combination of natural latex and coconut coir, and also memory. Such mattresses with medium hardness are in great demand. You should notice that medium firmness is optimal if you want to cuddle with your spouse. Check the top-notch mattresses for snuggling and learn more.
To provide mattresses with low rigidity, manufacturers use polyurethane foam and natural latex layers. Natural latex filler refers to orthopedic padding, and polyurethane foam is not suitable for sleeping people who have increased weight. Often soft and moderately soft mattresses are chosen for the elderly, as well as for children aged 8-15 years.
In order to clarify the hardness of the mattress, it is necessary to use the accompanying passport which specifies the weight the product can bear. A thin person will be comfortable sleeping on a soft model, and for those who have extra pounds, it is advisable to opt for a stiffer version.
STEP 2: Take into account the weight of the sleepers
In addition to the above-mentioned selection criteria, the weight of the future owner plays an important role. It is very important to take this factor into account, because, firstly, this determines the life of the product, and secondly – the feeling of stiffness of the mattress.
It is not recommended to exceed the maximum weight per bed stated in the characteristics of the mattress. It is better to have a margin of 5-20 kg on this indicator. Apart from this, the hardness of mattresses is specified for people with average complex (with a weight of 70-90 kg). For example, for overweight people weighing more than 110 kg, a mattress with medium stiffness will seem quite soft, and for the person weighing 40-50 kg, this mattress can be perceived as moderately stiff.
- Overweight people will feel comfortable on sufficiently high mattresses.
- For people with normal weight, experts advise opting for a mattress of medium thickness.
- A thin person will not be able to exert sufficient pressure on the thickened mattress base, so there is no point in buying a mattress too thick.
The models with small thickness limited by two or three centimeters are not suitable for sleeping. Such products are suitable for creating comfort on the couch, bed, and leveling their surfaces and are called mattress pads.
STEP 3 Choose mattress size and height
The comfort of rest depends largely on the height of the mattress. In addition, this factor is also important in terms of aesthetics. The thinnest mattresses are those up to 14 cm thick, such mattresses are usually intended for children or infrequent seasonal use. Specialists claim that the thin models can adversely affect health, cause damage to the spine in case of the significant weight of the person sleeping. For adults as the main mattress of constant use, these height guidelines will be suitable:
- When choosing a mattress for adults, you should choose products that are 14-30 cm thick.
- If you are buying a monolithic springless mattress, its thickness can be 14-16cm minimum.
- Quality mattresses with independent spring blocks are made no less than 18-19 cm thick. Anything less – super cheap options with thin filling.
- Quality mattresses with independent spring blocks are made at least 18-19 cm thick. Anything less is super cheap options with thin filling.
- Manufacturers also offer models with multilayer filling, which provides more comfort and convenience. Elite mattresses can have a thickness of 24 to 40 cm.
- The standard value of the height of an orthopedic mattress for an adult is the range of 19-23 cm.
Important! For children, older than 4 years old very thin mattresses (3-6 cm) are strictly unacceptable.
The question about the size of a mattress with orthopedic properties refers to its correspondence to the base and/or bed on which it will be placed:
- If the width of the mattress is greater than the width of the bed, this will either result in hanging edges and consequently uncomfortable sleep, or the mattress will simply not fit into the dimensions of the bed;
- If the mattress is less in width, it will cause discomfort during rest, sloppy appearance of bed;
- If the length is mismatched, the same uncomfortable picture will turn out, leading to discomfort or inability to use.
- The most common sizes of mattresses for single beds: 80×190, 80×200, 90×200 cm. For double beds 120×200, 140×200, 160×200 and 180×200 cm are considered standard. We recommend taking standard sizes – it will simplify the selection of furniture and accessories.
- If you have measured the size of the mattress, and it turned out to be outside the standard values – you can always order a mattress in a non-standard size.
Tip: The best option is considered to be the simultaneous selection of bed and mattress with exact compliance of mutual parameters.
STEP 4 Choosing the type: non-spring or spring mattresses?
Answering the question of which model to choose – no spring or spring – it is necessary to understand their differences.
You can read more about the differences and choices between spring mattresses and no-spring mattresses here.
Bonnel spring mattresses
Mattresses with dependent spring units are called classic, and their use dates back more than a hundred years. They are called Bonnell. Such mattresses have no orthopedic properties.
Important! The use of old and failed spring mattresses leads to damage to the vertebral joints, the curvature of the spine.
Among the other disadvantages – wear and tear springs with mutual friction, which leads to creaking and the inability to rest comfortably in silence. Dust collects between the springs, not only negatively affecting the sleeping person but also contributes to the development of parasites and harmful microorganisms.
The low cost of spring models attracts buyers. However, before buying it is desirable to weigh the pros and cons, so that for a minimum fee will get problems with health neither children nor adults.
Mattresses with independent spring blocks
Such mattresses attract the attention of consumers by their uncomplicated, but very comfortable design. Each of the springs is placed in a separate cover, allowing movement without contact with other blocks. When several blocks are pressed, the neighboring springs will remain in the same position. Fillers are placed horizontally along the top and bottom of the blocks, which together with the springs create a mattress with excellent orthopedic and anatomical qualities.
Each spring works point by point, independently. This means that the mattress will perfectly bend to every curve of the human body and provide the necessary support for the spine. The standard spring density is 250 springs per square meter, but there are also models with an improved design – Multipocket (about 500 springs per square meter) and Micropocket (more than 900 springs per square meter). These models can be advised to people with a lot of weight and those who want the best orthopedic support for the back from all that modern spring mattresses offer.
The use of mattresses with an independent spring block is recommended for people over the age of 12 years, taking into account the degree of surface firmness. The advantages of models with these springs include:
- pronounced orthopedic properties with excellent support for the back;
- long service life;
- no spring squeaking;
- possibility of application for people with considerable body weight;
- a high degree of reliability, which guarantees the preservation of the properties of the foundation even after the active play of children;
- the convenience of sleep and rest.
- The price of this type of mattresses varies very widely from inexpensive models with the TFC spring block and artificial fillers to expensive mattresses with sophisticated high-density spring blocks and high-end materials.
Non-spring foam mattresses.
This is the most common type of inexpensive no-spring mattress today. They are often sold in a compact twist pack. These mattresses are often purchased for children, teens, and adults as economical options. They are great as mattresses for cottage or rental apartments. However, there are good options among them, perfectly suitable for the role of mattresses for permanent use, the only thing to pay attention to is the density of PPU, such mattresses should have a hardness index “medium” or “moderately hard”.
Advantages and disadvantages
- availability and low prices;
- Several levels of hardness – from soft to medium;
- Rather good orthopedic qualities in models with dense polyurethane foam;
- Easy transportation to the destination.
- low service life;
- Not the best anatomic qualities.
Non-spring mattresses with orthopedic properties
When choosing a springless version, you should be guided by the filler, which is responsible for the stiffness of the product. Mattresses without springs are characterized by sufficient strength and soundlessness, which has earned considerable popularity among users.
The manufacture of fillers used latex, coconut fiber, Struttofiber, horsehair, polyurethane foam, and other materials that provide orthopedic properties of the surface, and the owners – a comfortable and healthy sleep.
Thanks to the wisely chosen filling products have tremendous endurance, can withstand considerable stress, jumping, and playing children. Orthopedic springless mattresses can be structurally divided:
Advantages and disadvantages
- long service life;
- several levels of rigidity;
- high orthopedic properties.
- the high price due to the use of expensive fillers, including coconut fibers, natural latex;
- the high weight of such mattresses.
STEP 5 The choice of filling material
A thoughtful approach to the choice of a filler for an orthopedic mattress will allow you to buy a model that is suitable for the personal needs of the buyer because it directly affects the stiffness, environmental friendliness, and reliability.
Remember! Fillings such as down, inexpensive foam padding, and absorbent cotton do not have orthopedic characteristics. Among the unpopular properties of absorbent cotton – bunching into uneven clumps, which prevents the comfort of sleep.
The basis for the manufacture of latex layers is the sap of the Hevea, processed in a special way to obtain a foamy mass. The prepared material serves as an excellent filling material for orthopedic mattresses, which takes the contours of the body and perfectly supports the spine. Latex can be both soft and quite hard. At the same time, the artificial material has a higher degree of rigidity compared to the natural one. The popularity of latex mattresses is proved by their popularity among both children’s and adult audiences.
List of advantages of latex filler:
- providing comfortable conditions for rest;
- Anatomical repetition of the body contours;
- Comfort sleeping for people diagnosed with spinal problems;
- perfectly withstands high loads and human weight, the rapid recovery of the structure due to its porosity;
- Combination with different materials allows increasing stiffness if necessary;
- the use of the material in soft models of mattresses allows preserving both comforts of sleep and orthopedic properties of the base;
- no allergic reactions;
- quick disposal of excessive moisture;
- durability under intensive loads.
Among the disadvantages are the high cost of products, as well as the brittleness of the artificial material, which after some time dries up, leading to delamination.
The high popularity of polyurethane foam (PPU, thiophene, artificial latex) is due to the fact that the basis is the usual for many users foam rubber with various orthopedic additives. The use of FPU makes it possible to produce orthopedic mattresses with good characteristics at a fairly low price.
Among the positive aspects of using FPU are:
- affordable cost;
- fairly long service life;
- Immunity to increased loads, so jumping and playing with children is not critical;
- Providing sufficient orthopedic properties, which is acceptable to those who care about their health.
The problematic moments include the difficulty of removing moisture absorbed, as well as the problem of cleaning from contaminants. In addition, the service life of mattresses with the use of polyurethane foam is short – from 4 to 9 years.
The elastic board of pressed coconut fibers refers to a rather rigid material that is often used to fill orthopedic mattresses. Coir is usually combined with latex and polyurethane interlayers to create excellent quality and comfortable surfaces for sleeping and resting. Or it can be used without additional softening fillers, thus obtaining mattresses with high stiffness
The advantages of choosing mattresses with coconut coir include:
- non-allergenic material;
- creating an obstacle to the reproduction of bacteria;
- rapid evaporation of moisture;
- not subject to rotting;
- environmental friendliness;
- excellent air permeability;
- therapeutic and orthopedic properties;
- absence of harmful components;
- proper support of the back during sleep;
- the ability to use not only for adults, but also for children of any age.
- The disadvantages include high cost, the reason for which is the complexity of processing and preparation of the material.
It is necessary to know! Mattresses with coconut filling are fragile, which should be taken into account when using, not subjecting the product to shocks and twists.
Hollofiber and Struttofiber
The interesting name refers to the material, which has unique properties due to the unique structure in the form of vertically arranged fibers. The manufacture of mattresses with struttofiber fibers can also add goat hair, horsehair, linen threads. The excellent combination is obtained by combining struttofiber or hollofiber with polyurethane foam or with independent spring units. Hollofiber is a very similar material, but its fibers are not oriented vertically, but randomly, which makes this material slightly softer compared to struttofiber.
The advantages of struttofiber/hollofiber are as follows:
- A clear expression of orthopedic properties;
- excellent air permeability;
- a rapid removal of moisture from the surface;
- immediate restoration of the original shape after deformation;
- wide range of hardness from medium to high;
- wear resistance;
Mattresses with memory foam effect
Memory foam is a material with a foam structure that allows the surface to adjust to the shape of the body. Memory Form sags under the person, acquiring its shape, and after cessation of loading, it recovers in a few minutes. Such mattresses with a “memory effect” provide excellent conditions for sleeping, but at low temperatures, the unique material becomes more rigid.